Roadmap to Process Development, issue 3/2010, Bia Separations
The first two articles in this series addressed column selectivity and capacity. This article discusses how to apply results from these preliminary studies to create fully functional multi-step purification procedures. The principles described here can be applied to proteins, plasmids, or virus particles.
Process modeling represents a nexus at which the theoretical ideals of purification meet the practical limitations of the laboratory, or in less elegant terms: where the rubber meets the road. The key theoretical principle is the notion of developing an orthogonal purification process. Orthogonal means pertaining to right angles. In purification terms, it translates to combining purification methods that are highly complementary to one another. Its value resides in the presumption that different purification methods bind the product by different sites, along with a unique subset of contaminants. The more complementary the methods, the lower the overlap in contaminant subsets, and the higher the purification factor offered by the particular combination of methods.